Formulating with Beeswax for Candles and Home Fragrance

As consumers become more environmentally conscious, the demand for sustainable and eco-friendly products continues to grow and beeswax, a natural and renewable resource, offers a compelling alternative to synthetic materials.

Today is World Bee Day so join us as we celebrate their remarkable contribution to planet earth, but also the myriad of amazing products we can create with their amazing produce.

Honeybees are essential to our food supply, and according to the Food and Agriculture Organisation, pollinate a third of the world’s crops. They are also remarkable producers of valuable byproducts, including beeswax, honey, and propolis.

Studies show that honeybees produce more than they need of these substances for colony survival, so we can harvest them sustainably to create natural products. This sustainable practice ensures the health of the beehive while allowing us to benefit from the remarkable properties of these bee-derived ingredients, and by using what the bees produce in excess, we can create effective products without harming the bees.

Beekeeper with hives

Is beeswax an oil?

Unlike conventional waxes, beeswax is not oil-based; it is a natural wax produced by honeybees as they construct their honeycombs and is a combination of various long-chain alkanes, esters, and fatty acids secreted by the worker bees. In comparison to vegetable oils, which are liquid at room temperature, beeswax is a solid material, making it a perfect ingredient for a variety of uses.

One of the most popular uses of beeswax is in the creation of candles. Beeswax candles offer a variety of benefits compared to paraffin candles, burning cleaner, lasting up to twice as long as paraffin candles of similar size, and avoiding the artificial fragrances often found in paraffin candles.

Why use beeswax in candle making?

Beeswax is incredible for candle making for a multitude of reasons. Unlike paraffin wax, which is derived from petroleum, beeswax is a natural and renewable resource. This means it is an eco-friendly choice that supports beekeepers. But the benefits go beyond sustainability. Beeswax burns cleaner, emitting a soft, natural light and a hint of honeyed sweetness. Plus, it produces negative ions that help purify the air, reducing allergens and pollutants. Paraffin wax, on the other hand, can emit harmful toxins, such as benzene, a carcinogen and toluene, linked to respiratory problems and nervous system issues. Beeswax candles also boast a longer burn time thanks to their higher melting point. In short, beeswax offers a luxurious, natural experience that’s both kind to the environment and peoples’ lungs.

Beeswax candle

Can you add fragrance oil to beeswax candles?

For an elevated sensory experience, fragrance oils can be added to beeswax candles. This allows brands to either complement or mask the natural honey-like aroma, while expanding their product range with customised scent profiles. Beeswax readily accepts fragrance oils, allowing for a wide range of customisation options – from floral and fruity to earthy and spicy blends.

However, it is important to be aware of the flash point (temperature at which the oil can ignite) of the essential oils being used. Most essential oils have a flash point between 100-200°F (37-93°C), but ensure the wax is not too hot when adding the essential oils. And ventilation is another important factor to consider. Work in a well-ventilated area, as the concentrated vapours of essential oils can be potent.

How much essential oil to add to beeswax candles?

General guidance suggests using 1-2 ounces of scent for every pound of beeswax and to consider using a thermometer to ensure the wax temperature is suitable for adding the essential oils. However, determining the amount of essential oil depends on the outcome you desire. For a light fragrance, use around 6% essential oil, or for a stronger fragrance, use up to 10% essential oil.

What are the best essential oils to add to beeswax candles?


Known for its calming and relaxing properties, lavender oil is a popular choice for creating a soothing atmosphere.

Citrus Oils (Lemon, Orange, Grapefruit)

These oils provide a fresh, clean scent that can uplift and energise, so are great for adding a bright, invigorating aroma.


This oil offers a refreshing, minty fragrance that can help with focus.


Eucalyptus is known for its refreshing and invigorating scent.


This oil has a warm, woody scent that is grounding and calming, making it ideal for relaxation.


Vanilla oil provides a comforting, sweet aroma that can create a cosy environment.


Known for its gentle, floral scent, chamomile oil is perfect for relaxation and stress relief.


This oil has a rich, musky aroma that is grounding and balancing.


With its deep, resinous scent, frankincense oil is often used for meditation and creating a peaceful atmosphere.

Essential oil ingredients

Our favourite beeswax candle brands

Bee Cosmetics

Bee Cosmetics primarily offer natural, UK-made skincare products with honey and beeswax, made from their hives of bees. However, they also have a new range of beeswax and soy blend candles made with their own beeswax, and using wooden wicks for a clean burn, fast scent release, and crackling sound.

Gold Canyon Candles

Gold Canyon use beeswax sourced directly from beekeepers throughout the United States and their candles are known for their long burn times and beautiful honey scent.

Beyond the buzz – how can we help bees?

World Bee Day is a great reminder of the importance of bees. Here are a few things we can do to help bees:

Plant bee-friendly flowers

Plant flowers that bees love, such as lavender, sunflowers, and poppies.

Support local beekeepers

Buying honey from local beekeepers is a great way to help support beekeeping.

Avoid pesticides

Pesticides can harm bees, so if you can, avoid using pesticides in your garden.

Let your dandelions grow

Dandelions are a great source of food for bees in the early spring.

Let’s use today to celebrate the essential role that bees play in our ecosystem and how, by making small changes in your everyday life, you can help to make a big difference for bees. By choosing beeswax products, you can support beekeepers and enjoy the many benefits of a more sustainable and natural way of living. Happy World Bee Day!

Please note that the views/opinions expressed in this blog are solely our own. It is the responsibility of our clients to conduct the necessary testing to substantiate any claims and ensure compliance with industry standards for every ingredient. We will not accept any liability for claims made based on our content.

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